Insulin resistance may actually be at the root of PCOS, playing a role in causing the condition in the first place as well as exacerbating its symptoms. Insulin resistance is seen in 70-95% of obese and in 30-75% of lean PCOS women.
Insulin is a hormone that helps to move glucose from the blood into cells, where it is broken down to produce energy. Insulin resistance means the body tissues are resistant to insulin, and as a result, the body produces extra insulin to force the body tissues to take up glucose from the blood. High levels of insulin causes the ovaries to produce too much testosterone, which interferes with the development of the follicles and prevents normal ovulation. Insulin resistance can also lead to weight gain, which can make PCOS symptoms worse, as having excess fat causes the body to produce even more insulin.
Losing just 5% of body weight in overweight PCOS women can significantly improve long-term health problems and symptoms associated with PCOS.
A dietitian specialized in women’s health can help optimise diet by helping with:
Reducing insulin level